EPiC DB 2019_uPVC.pdf (357.66 kB)

EPiC database - Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)

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posted on 20.11.2019, 05:30 by Robert Crawford, André Stephan, Fabian Prideaux
This material is part of the free Environmental Performance in Construction (EPiC) Database. The EPiC Database contains embodied environmental flow coefficients for 250+ construction materials using a comprehensive hybrid life cycle inventory approach.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a plastic polymer characterised by good thermal and electrical insulation properties. Unplasticised PVC is rigid. PVC is the third most produced plastic, globally.

PVC is produced by polymerising vinyl chloride monomers, mostly through suspension polymerisation, followed by emulsion and bulk polymerisation. This generates heat and requires cooling and water. The resulting sludge is filtered, centrifuged, and dried, before being converted to pellets. These can be molten for moulding or extrusion. Multiple additives can be added to PVC to enhance its properties, notably chloride to enhance its resistance to ultraviolet light.

uPVC is widely used in the construction industry. Its main uses include window frames, doors, pipes, and gutters.
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Embodied energyEmbodied carbonEmbodied greenhouse gas emissionsEmbodied waterInput-output analysisConstructionBuildingMaterialsEnvironmental performanceLife cycle assessmentLCADatabaseProcess analysisAustraliaHybrid analysisLife cycle inventoryLCIConcrete blockCement mortarPortland cementAutoclaved aerated concrete (AAC)Concrete 20 MPaConcrete 25 MPaConcrete 32 MPaConcrete 40 MPaConcrete 50 MPaFibre cement sheetFibre cement weatherboardGypsum plasterPlasterboard - 10 mmConcrete roof tileFlat glassDouble glazing - flat glassLaminated glassToughened glassDouble glazing - toughened glassCellulose insulationAluminium foil insulationGlasswool insulationRockwool insulationPolystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulationPolyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulationAluminium barAluminium composite panelAluminium extrudedAluminium sheetCopper sheetCopper pipeCopper wireCold rolled stainless steelStainless steel extrudedStainless steel sheetStainless steel wireCold rolled steelHot rolled galvanised structural steelHot rolled structural steelSteel barSteel hollow section extrudedSteel pipeSteel sheet corrugatedAsphaltNylon carpetWool carpetSiliconeWaterWood glue (PVA)Solar hot water systemSolvent-based paintWater-based paintWallpaperNatural rubberSynthetic rubberHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) filmHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipeLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) filmLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipeNylon 66Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)Glass reinforced plastic (GRP)LinoleumPolycarbonatePolymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)Polypropylene (PP) sheetPolyurethane (PU) flexible foamPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) filmUnplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)

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Embodied energyEmbodied carbonEmbodied greenhouse gas emissionsEmbodied waterInput-output analysisConstructionBuildingMaterialsEnvironmental performanceLife cycle assessmentLCADatabaseProcess analysisAustraliaHybrid analysisLife cycle inventoryLCIConcrete blockCement mortarPortland cementAutoclaved aerated concrete (AAC)Concrete 20 MPaConcrete 25 MPaConcrete 32 MPaConcrete 40 MPaConcrete 50 MPaFibre cement sheetFibre cement weatherboardGypsum plasterPlasterboard - 10 mmConcrete roof tileFlat glassDouble glazing - flat glassLaminated glassToughened glassDouble glazing - toughened glassCellulose insulationAluminium foil insulationGlasswool insulationRockwool insulationPolystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulationPolyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulationAluminium barAluminium composite panelAluminium extrudedAluminium sheetCopper sheetCopper pipeCopper wireCold rolled stainless steelStainless steel extrudedStainless steel sheetStainless steel wireCold rolled steelHot rolled galvanised structural steelHot rolled structural steelSteel barSteel hollow section extrudedSteel pipeSteel sheet corrugatedAsphaltNylon carpetWool carpetSiliconeWaterWood glue (PVA)Solar hot water systemSolvent-based paintWater-based paintWallpaperNatural rubberSynthetic rubberHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) filmHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipeLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) filmLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipeNylon 66Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)Glass reinforced plastic (GRP)LinoleumPolycarbonatePolymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)Polypropylene (PP) sheetPolyurethane (PU) flexible foamPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) filmUnplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)

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