EPiC DB 2019_Sand.pdf (1.04 MB)

EPiC database - Sand

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posted on 20.11.2019, 05:30 by Robert Crawford, André Stephan, Fabian Prideaux
This material is part of the free Environmental Performance in Construction (EPiC) Database. The EPiC Database contains embodied environmental flow coefficients for 250+ construction materials using a comprehensive hybrid life cycle inventory approach.

Sand is comprised of small particles of quartz (silica), feldspar and calcium carbonate from various forms of life that have been eroded down over thousands of years. It is strong, durable, chemically inert and has excellent drainage characteristics.

It is commonly extracted through open pit mining and is available in many different grades and levels of purity. Due to the extended period of time required to create sand, it is considered a non-renewable resource.

Sand can be used as a substrate for footings, pathways, and concrete slabs. It is also used as an additive in concrete, mortar, asphalt, and various exterior finishes. It is one of the primary materials used in the production of silicon for various construction products.
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Embodied energyEmbodied carbonEmbodied greenhouse gas emissionsEmbodied waterInput-output analysisConstructionBuildingMaterialsEnvironmental performanceLife cycle assessmentLCADatabaseProcess analysisAustraliaHybrid analysisLife cycle inventoryLCIConcrete blockCement mortarPortland cementAutoclaved aerated concrete (AAC)Concrete 20 MPaConcrete 25 MPaConcrete 32 MPaConcrete 40 MPaConcrete 50 MPaFibre cement sheetFibre cement weatherboardGypsum plasterPlasterboard - 10 mmConcrete roof tileFlat glassDouble glazing - flat glassLaminated glassToughened glassDouble glazing - toughened glassCellulose insulationAluminium foil insulationGlasswool insulationRockwool insulationPolystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulationPolyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulationAluminium barAluminium composite panelAluminium extrudedAluminium sheetCopper sheetCopper pipeCopper wireCold rolled stainless steelStainless steel extrudedStainless steel sheetStainless steel wireCold rolled steelHot rolled galvanised structural steelHot rolled structural steelSteel barSteel hollow section extrudedSteel pipeSteel sheet corrugatedAsphaltNylon carpetWool carpetSiliconeWaterWood glue (PVA)Solar hot water systemSolvent-based paintWater-based paintWallpaperNatural rubberSynthetic rubberHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) filmHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipeLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) filmLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipeNylon 66Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)Glass reinforced plastic (GRP)LinoleumPolycarbonatePolymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)Polypropylene (PP) sheetPolyurethane (PU) flexible foamPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) filmUnplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)Clay brickGravelRecycled aggregateSand

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Embodied energyEmbodied carbonEmbodied greenhouse gas emissionsEmbodied waterInput-output analysisConstructionBuildingMaterialsEnvironmental performanceLife cycle assessmentLCADatabaseProcess analysisAustraliaHybrid analysisLife cycle inventoryLCIConcrete blockCement mortarPortland cementAutoclaved aerated concrete (AAC)Concrete 20 MPaConcrete 25 MPaConcrete 32 MPaConcrete 40 MPaConcrete 50 MPaFibre cement sheetFibre cement weatherboardGypsum plasterPlasterboard - 10 mmConcrete roof tileFlat glassDouble glazing - flat glassLaminated glassToughened glassDouble glazing - toughened glassCellulose insulationAluminium foil insulationGlasswool insulationRockwool insulationPolystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulationPolyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulationAluminium barAluminium composite panelAluminium extrudedAluminium sheetCopper sheetCopper pipeCopper wireCold rolled stainless steelStainless steel extrudedStainless steel sheetStainless steel wireCold rolled steelHot rolled galvanised structural steelHot rolled structural steelSteel barSteel hollow section extrudedSteel pipeSteel sheet corrugatedAsphaltNylon carpetWool carpetSiliconeWaterWood glue (PVA)Solar hot water systemSolvent-based paintWater-based paintWallpaperNatural rubberSynthetic rubberHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) filmHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipeLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) filmLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipeNylon 66Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)Glass reinforced plastic (GRP)LinoleumPolycarbonatePolymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)Polypropylene (PP) sheetPolyurethane (PU) flexible foamPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) filmUnplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)Clay brickGravelRecycled aggregateSand

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