EPiC DB 2019_Gravel.pdf (926.28 kB)
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EPiC database - Gravel

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posted on 20.11.2019 by Robert Crawford, André Stephan, Fabian Prideaux
This material is part of the free Environmental Performance in Construction (EPiC) Database. The EPiC Database contains embodied environmental flow coefficients for 250+ construction materials using a comprehensive hybrid life cycle inventory approach.

Gravel is a course aggregate, comprised of hard, durable and weather resistant rocks. It has excellent drainage properties, and is commonly used in construction. There are different sizes and grades of gravel available, ranging from small smooth rounded rock, to large angular crushed rock.

Gravel is produced in quarries or extracted from gravel pits. It is found naturally, in the form of eroded rock and minerals, or created by crushing rock such as limestone, basalt or sandstone.

It is commonly used for construction and landscaping purposes, including: as a base layer for walkways and roads, as bulk fill, as a drainage substrate, or as an aggregate for concrete.
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Embodied energyEmbodied carbonEmbodied greenhouse gas emissionsEmbodied waterInput-output analysisConstructionBuildingMaterialsEnvironmental performanceLife cycle assessmentLCADatabaseProcess analysisAustraliaHybrid analysisLife cycle inventoryLCIConcrete blockCement mortarPortland cementAutoclaved aerated concrete (AAC)Concrete 20 MPaConcrete 25 MPaConcrete 32 MPaConcrete 40 MPaConcrete 50 MPaFibre cement sheetFibre cement weatherboardGypsum plasterPlasterboard - 10 mmConcrete roof tileFlat glassDouble glazing - flat glassLaminated glassToughened glassDouble glazing - toughened glassCellulose insulationAluminium foil insulationGlasswool insulationRockwool insulationPolystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulationPolyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulationAluminium barAluminium composite panelAluminium extrudedAluminium sheetCopper sheetCopper pipeCopper wireCold rolled stainless steelStainless steel extrudedStainless steel sheetStainless steel wireCold rolled steelHot rolled galvanised structural steelHot rolled structural steelSteel barSteel hollow section extrudedSteel pipeSteel sheet corrugatedAsphaltNylon carpetWool carpetSiliconeWaterWood glue (PVA)Solar hot water systemSolvent-based paintWater-based paintWallpaperNatural rubberSynthetic rubberHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) filmHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipeLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) filmLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipeNylon 66Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)Glass reinforced plastic (GRP)LinoleumPolycarbonatePolymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)Polypropylene (PP) sheetPolyurethane (PU) flexible foamPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) filmUnplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)Clay brickGravel

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Embodied energyEmbodied carbonEmbodied greenhouse gas emissionsEmbodied waterInput-output analysisConstructionBuildingMaterialsEnvironmental performanceLife cycle assessmentLCADatabaseProcess analysisAustraliaHybrid analysisLife cycle inventoryLCIConcrete blockCement mortarPortland cementAutoclaved aerated concrete (AAC)Concrete 20 MPaConcrete 25 MPaConcrete 32 MPaConcrete 40 MPaConcrete 50 MPaFibre cement sheetFibre cement weatherboardGypsum plasterPlasterboard - 10 mmConcrete roof tileFlat glassDouble glazing - flat glassLaminated glassToughened glassDouble glazing - toughened glassCellulose insulationAluminium foil insulationGlasswool insulationRockwool insulationPolystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulationPolyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulationAluminium barAluminium composite panelAluminium extrudedAluminium sheetCopper sheetCopper pipeCopper wireCold rolled stainless steelStainless steel extrudedStainless steel sheetStainless steel wireCold rolled steelHot rolled galvanised structural steelHot rolled structural steelSteel barSteel hollow section extrudedSteel pipeSteel sheet corrugatedAsphaltNylon carpetWool carpetSiliconeWaterWood glue (PVA)Solar hot water systemSolvent-based paintWater-based paintWallpaperNatural rubberSynthetic rubberHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) filmHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipeLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) filmLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipeNylon 66Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)Glass reinforced plastic (GRP)LinoleumPolycarbonatePolymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)Polypropylene (PP) sheetPolyurethane (PU) flexible foamPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) filmUnplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)Clay brickGravel

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