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EPiC database - Glued laminated timber (glulam)

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posted on 20.11.2019 by Robert Crawford, André Stephan, Fabian Prideaux
This material is part of the free Environmental Performance in Construction (EPiC) Database. The EPiC Database contains embodied environmental flow coefficients for 250+ construction materials using a comprehensive hybrid life cycle inventory approach.

Glued laminated timber or glulam is a structurally engineered timber product produced from large strips of graded timber that are bonded together. Glulam has a high degree of dimensional stability, and a high strength to weight ratio compared to steel.

Timber members are individually selected for lamination, to maximise strength and performance. Because of this, glulam can be manufactured with increased strength in particular areas, to compensate for areas of high stress in a structure. Synthetic resin glues are typically used as a binding agent, commonly in conjunction with finger joints to increase joint performance.

Glulam can be used for long structural members, which exceed the capabilities of standard timber. It is also used for columns, rafters, trusses and curved beams.
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Embodied energyEmbodied carbonEmbodied greenhouse gas emissionsEmbodied waterInput-output analysisConstructionBuildingMaterialsEnvironmental performanceLife cycle assessmentLCADatabaseProcess analysisAustraliaHybrid analysisLife cycle inventoryLCIConcrete blockCement mortarPortland cementAutoclaved aerated concrete (AAC)Concrete 20 MPaConcrete 25 MPaConcrete 32 MPaConcrete 40 MPaConcrete 50 MPaFibre cement sheetFibre cement weatherboardGypsum plasterPlasterboard - 10 mmConcrete roof tileFlat glassDouble glazing - flat glassLaminated glassToughened glassDouble glazing - toughened glassCellulose insulationAluminium foil insulationGlasswool insulationRockwool insulationPolystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulationPolyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulationAluminium barAluminium composite panelAluminium extrudedAluminium sheetCopper sheetCopper pipeCopper wireCold rolled stainless steelStainless steel extrudedStainless steel sheetStainless steel wireCold rolled steelHot rolled galvanised structural steelHot rolled structural steelSteel barSteel hollow section extrudedSteel pipeSteel sheet corrugatedAsphaltNylon carpetWool carpetSiliconeWaterWood glue (PVA)Solar hot water systemSolvent-based paintWater-based paintWallpaperNatural rubberSynthetic rubberHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) filmHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipeLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) filmLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipeNylon 66Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)Glass reinforced plastic (GRP)LinoleumPolycarbonatePolymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)Polypropylene (PP) sheetPolyurethane (PU) flexible foamPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) filmUnplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)Clay brickGravelRecycled aggregateSandSanitary ceramicDimension stoneCeramic tileClay roof tileCork slabHardwoodCross laminated timber (CLT)Glued laminated timber (glulam)

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Embodied energyEmbodied carbonEmbodied greenhouse gas emissionsEmbodied waterInput-output analysisConstructionBuildingMaterialsEnvironmental performanceLife cycle assessmentLCADatabaseProcess analysisAustraliaHybrid analysisLife cycle inventoryLCIConcrete blockCement mortarPortland cementAutoclaved aerated concrete (AAC)Concrete 20 MPaConcrete 25 MPaConcrete 32 MPaConcrete 40 MPaConcrete 50 MPaFibre cement sheetFibre cement weatherboardGypsum plasterPlasterboard - 10 mmConcrete roof tileFlat glassDouble glazing - flat glassLaminated glassToughened glassDouble glazing - toughened glassCellulose insulationAluminium foil insulationGlasswool insulationRockwool insulationPolystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulationPolyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulationAluminium barAluminium composite panelAluminium extrudedAluminium sheetCopper sheetCopper pipeCopper wireCold rolled stainless steelStainless steel extrudedStainless steel sheetStainless steel wireCold rolled steelHot rolled galvanised structural steelHot rolled structural steelSteel barSteel hollow section extrudedSteel pipeSteel sheet corrugatedAsphaltNylon carpetWool carpetSiliconeWaterWood glue (PVA)Solar hot water systemSolvent-based paintWater-based paintWallpaperNatural rubberSynthetic rubberHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) filmHigh-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipeLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) filmLow-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipeNylon 66Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)Glass reinforced plastic (GRP)LinoleumPolycarbonatePolymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)Polypropylene (PP) sheetPolyurethane (PU) flexible foamPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) filmUnplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)Clay brickGravelRecycled aggregateSandSanitary ceramicDimension stoneCeramic tileClay roof tileCork slabHardwoodCross laminated timber (CLT)Glued laminated timber (glulam)

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