EPiC database - Sanitary ceramic

This material is part of the free Environmental Performance in Construction (EPiC) Database. The EPiC Database contains embodied environmental flow coefficients for 250+ construction materials using a comprehensive hybrid life cycle inventory approach.

Sanitary ceramics are a high quality ceramic product that is durable, water proof, stain and mould resistant. Materials used in sanitary ceramics are generally denser and less porous than other ceramic products.

Sanitary ceramics are commonly made from silica, sand, feldspar and clays such as kaolinite that are used to make china and porcelain. The raw materials are pulverised into fine particles and mixed together, before being formed into the desired size and shape. The product is then dried, glazed with a waterproof coating and fired in a high temperature oven/kiln.

Sanitary ceramics are commonly used for washbasins, toilets, bathroom accessories and sanitary ware. They are generally more expensive than other ceramic products, due to their high-quality waterproof and stain resistant finish.

Keyword(s)

Embodied energy Embodied carbon Embodied greenhouse gas emissions Embodied water Input-output analysis Construction Building Materials Environmental performance Life cycle assessment LCA Database Process analysis Australia Hybrid analysis Life cycle inventory LCI Concrete block Cement mortar Portland cement Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) Concrete 20 MPa Concrete 25 MPa Concrete 32 MPa Concrete 40 MPa Concrete 50 MPa Fibre cement sheet Fibre cement weatherboard Gypsum plaster Plasterboard - 10 mm Concrete roof tile Flat glass Double glazing - flat glass Laminated glass Toughened glass Double glazing - toughened glass Cellulose insulation Aluminium foil insulation Glasswool insulation Rockwool insulation Polystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulation Polyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulation Aluminium bar Aluminium composite panel Aluminium extruded Aluminium sheet Copper sheet Copper pipe Copper wire Cold rolled stainless steel Stainless steel extruded Stainless steel sheet Stainless steel wire Cold rolled steel Hot rolled galvanised structural steel Hot rolled structural steel Steel bar Steel hollow section extruded Steel pipe Steel sheet corrugated Asphalt Nylon carpet Wool carpet Silicone Water Wood glue (PVA) Solar hot water system Solvent-based paint Water-based paint Wallpaper Natural rubber Synthetic rubber High-density polyethylene (HDPE) film High-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) film Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipe Nylon 66 Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) Glass reinforced plastic (GRP) Linoleum Polycarbonate Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) Polypropylene (PP) sheet Polyurethane (PU) flexible foam Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) Clay brick Gravel Recycled aggregate Sand Sanitary ceramic

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