EPiC database - Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film

This material is part of the free Environmental Performance in Construction (EPiC) Database. The EPiC Database contains embodied environmental flow coefficients for 250+ construction materials using a comprehensive hybrid life cycle inventory approach.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a plastic polymer characterised by good thermal and electrical insulation properties. PVC can be rigid (see uPVC) or soft. PVC is the third most produced plastic, globally.

PVC is produced by polymerising vinyl chloride monomers, mostly through suspension polymerisation, followed by emulsion and bulk polymerisation. This generates heat and requires cooling and water. The resulting sludge is filtered, centrifuged, and dried, before being converted to pellets. These can be molten for moulding or extrusion. Multiple additives can be added to PVC to enhance its properties, most importantly phthalate to soften the PVC.

PVC film is used in construction for flooring and electrical cable insulation.

Keyword(s)

Embodied energy Embodied carbon Embodied greenhouse gas emissions Embodied water Input-output analysis Construction Building Materials Environmental performance Life cycle assessment LCA Database Process analysis Australia Hybrid analysis Life cycle inventory LCI Concrete block Cement mortar Portland cement Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) Concrete 20 MPa Concrete 25 MPa Concrete 32 MPa Concrete 40 MPa Concrete 50 MPa Fibre cement sheet Fibre cement weatherboard Gypsum plaster Plasterboard - 10 mm Concrete roof tile Flat glass Double glazing - flat glass Laminated glass Toughened glass Double glazing - toughened glass Cellulose insulation Aluminium foil insulation Glasswool insulation Rockwool insulation Polystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulation Polyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulation Aluminium bar Aluminium composite panel Aluminium extruded Aluminium sheet Copper sheet Copper pipe Copper wire Cold rolled stainless steel Stainless steel extruded Stainless steel sheet Stainless steel wire Cold rolled steel Hot rolled galvanised structural steel Hot rolled structural steel Steel bar Steel hollow section extruded Steel pipe Steel sheet corrugated Asphalt Nylon carpet Wool carpet Silicone Water Wood glue (PVA) Solar hot water system Solvent-based paint Water-based paint Wallpaper Natural rubber Synthetic rubber High-density polyethylene (HDPE) film High-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) film Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipe Nylon 66 Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) Glass reinforced plastic (GRP) Linoleum Polycarbonate Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) Polypropylene (PP) sheet Polyurethane (PU) flexible foam Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film

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