EPiC database - Ceramic tile

This material is part of the free Environmental Performance in Construction (EPiC) Database. The EPiC Database contains embodied environmental flow coefficients for 250+ construction materials using a comprehensive hybrid life cycle inventory approach.

Ceramic tiles are popular for their decorative, hard wearing, stain resistant, and water resistant qualities. Glazed tiles provide a more water and stain resistant finish, while unglazed tiles have a rougher, more natural appearance and texture. A surface coating is often applied to unglazed tiles, to provided additional water proofing.

Ceramic tiles are made from natural clays, feldspar, silica and other materials. Clays and additives are sorted and pulverised to ensure a consistent texture and consistency. The mixture is then formed into tile shaped elements, dried, and fired in a high temperature oven/kiln. Glazing and surface treatments are applied for waterproofing, and aesthetic purposes.

Ceramic tiles are used for interior and exterior non-structural purposes including flooring, cladding and decorative elements. They are commonly used in kitchens, bathrooms and wet areas.

Keyword(s)

Embodied energy Embodied carbon Embodied greenhouse gas emissions Embodied water Input-output analysis Construction Building Materials Environmental performance Life cycle assessment LCA Database Process analysis Australia Hybrid analysis Life cycle inventory LCI Concrete block Cement mortar Portland cement Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) Concrete 20 MPa Concrete 25 MPa Concrete 32 MPa Concrete 40 MPa Concrete 50 MPa Fibre cement sheet Fibre cement weatherboard Gypsum plaster Plasterboard - 10 mm Concrete roof tile Flat glass Double glazing - flat glass Laminated glass Toughened glass Double glazing - toughened glass Cellulose insulation Aluminium foil insulation Glasswool insulation Rockwool insulation Polystyrene (EPS/XPS) insulation Polyurethane (PU) rigid foam insulation Aluminium bar Aluminium composite panel Aluminium extruded Aluminium sheet Copper sheet Copper pipe Copper wire Cold rolled stainless steel Stainless steel extruded Stainless steel sheet Stainless steel wire Cold rolled steel Hot rolled galvanised structural steel Hot rolled structural steel Steel bar Steel hollow section extruded Steel pipe Steel sheet corrugated Asphalt Nylon carpet Wool carpet Silicone Water Wood glue (PVA) Solar hot water system Solvent-based paint Water-based paint Wallpaper Natural rubber Synthetic rubber High-density polyethylene (HDPE) film High-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) film Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipe Nylon 66 Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) Glass reinforced plastic (GRP) Linoleum Polycarbonate Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) Polypropylene (PP) sheet Polyurethane (PU) flexible foam Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) Clay brick Gravel Recycled aggregate Sand Sanitary ceramic Dimension stone Ceramic tile

License

CC BY 4.0